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    CA Inter Syllabus & Subjects 2023 (New & Old) - Paper Wise Syllabus, Important Topics, Exam Pattern

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    CA Inter Syllabus & Subjects 2023 (New & Old) - Paper Wise Syllabus, Important Topics, Exam Pattern

    Edited By Team Careers360 | Updated on Sep 05, 2023 08:09 AM IST | #CA Intermediate Exam

    CA Intermediate Syllabus 2023 (New & Old) - The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) has released the new CA Intermediate syllabus under the ICAI New Scheme of Education and Training 2023 on its official website - on July 1, 2023. The institute has notified that the New Scheme of Education (CA New Scheme) will not be applicable for the November 2023 session. The last CA Intermediate exam under the old syllabus of the existing scheme would be conducted in November 2023. Candidates are therefore advised to prepare using the old syllabus (Existing scheme). Candidates can download the CA Intermediate 2023 syllabus in pdf format from the BoS Knowledge Portal of the official ICAI website. Candidates registered for the May/November session exam must keep the syllabus as their first reference point before commencing their preparation. CA Intermediate exams will be conducted twice in 2023 - once in May and then in November.
    Don't Miss: CA Intermediate Syllabus under New Scheme

    CA Inter Syllabus & Subjects 2023 (New & Old) - Paper Wise Syllabus, Important Topics, Exam Pattern
    CA Inter Syllabus & Subjects 2023 (New & Old) - Paper Wise Syllabus, Important Topics, Exam Pattern

    The CA Intermediate question paper is based on the syllabus provided by ICAI. Candidates should be aware that ICAI will form the question paper only on the basis of the new syllabus. Thus, before starting their preparation for the CA Intermediate exams, it is vital for candidates to check the official syllabus and formulate a study plan accordingly. Complete information related to the CA Intermediate exams, topics and sub-topics covered are mentioned in the syllabus.


    CA Inter Subjects 2023 (New Course)

    Before moving the details of the CA Inter syllabus for November 2023, let's briefly look at the new CA Inter syllabus under the new scheme

    New CA Intermediate Syllabus

    As per the new CA intermediate syllabus released on July 1, 2023 by ICAI, the following 6 papers are included in it. The first CA Inter exam under the new scheme will be conducted in May 2024

    Paper 1

    Advanced Accounting

    Paper 2

    Corporate and Other Laws
    Part 1: Company Law and Limited Liability Partnership Law
    Part 2: Other Laws

    Paper 3

    Section A: Income Tax Law
    Section B: Goods and Services Tax

    Paper 4

    Cost and Management Accounting

    Paper 5

    Auditing and Ethics

    Paper 6

    Financial Management and Strategic Management
    Section A: Financial Management
    Section B: Strategic Management

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    Paper included in CA Intermediate November 2023 exam

    As per the exam pattern of CA Intermediate 2023 under the old syllabus, there are eight papers of 100 marks each. Candidates need to focus on these papers while preparing for the exam. The eight papers are split into two different groups.




    Group 1




    Corporate and Other Laws


    Cost and Management Accounting



    Group 2


    Advanced Accounting


    Auditing and Assurance


    Enterprise Information Systems & Strategic Management


    Financial Management & Economics for Finance

    Comprehensive CA Intermediate Syllabus 2023

    On the basis of papers mentioned above, the CA Intermediate syllabus for the May 2023 exams is as follows.

    Group I

    There are four papers in Group-I of CA Intermediate syllabus May 2023.

    Paper 1 - Accounting (100 marks)

    Objective - To acquire the ability to apply specific accounting standards and legislations to different transactions and events and in preparation and presentation of financial statements of various business entities.

    1. Process of formulation of Accounting Standards including Ind AS (IFRS converged standards) and IFRSs; convergence vs adoption; objective and concepts of carve-outs

    2. Framework for Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements (as per Accounting Standards)

    3. Applications of Accounting Standards:

    AS 1 : Disclosure of Accounting Policies

    AS 2 : Valuation of Inventories

    AS 3 : Cash Flow Statements

    AS 10 : Property, Plant and Equipment

    AS 11 : The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates

    AS 12 : Accounting for Government Grants

    AS 13 : Accounting for Investments

    AS 16 : Borrowing Costs

    4. Company Accounts

    (i) Preparation of financial statements - Statement of Profit and Loss, Balance Sheet

    and Cash Flow Statement;

    (ii) Managerial Remuneration;

    (iii) Profit (Loss) prior to incorporation;

    (iv) Accounting for bonus issue and right issue;

    (v) Redemption of preference shares;

    (vi) Redemption of debentures

    5. Accounting for Special Transactions:

    (i) Investment;

    (ii) Insurance claims for loss of stock and loss of profit;

    (iii) Hire- purchase and Instalment sale transactions

    6. Special Type of Accounting

    (i) Departmental Accounting;

    (ii) Accounting for Branches including foreign branches;

    (iii) Accounts from Incomplete Records

    Paper 2 - Corporate and Other Laws (100 marks)


    Objective - To develop an understanding of the provisions of company law and acquire the ability to address application-oriented issues.

    The Companies Act, 2013 – Sections 1 to 148

    1. Preliminary

    2. Incorporation of Company and Matters Incidental thereto

    3. Prospectus and Allotment of Securities

    4. Share Capital and Debentures

    5. Acceptance of Deposits by companies

    6. Registration of Charges

    7. Management and Administration

    8. Declaration and Payment of Dividend

    9. Accounts of Companies

    10. Audit and Auditors


    Objective - (a) To develop an understanding of the provisions of select legislations and acquire the ability to address application-oriented issues.

    (b) To develop an understanding of the rules for interpretation of statutes

    1. The Indian Contract Act, 1872 (Specific contracts covered from section 123 onwards)

    Contract of Indemnity and Guarantee, Bailment, Pledge, Agency

    2. The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881

    Meaning of Negotiable Instruments, Characteristics, Classification of Instruments, Different provisions relating to Negotiation, Negotiability, Assignability, Right and Obligation of parties, presentment of Instruments, Rules of Compensation

    3. The General Clauses Act, 1897

    Important Definitions, Extent and Applicability, General Rules of Construction, Powers and Functionaries, Provisions as to Orders, Rules, etc. made under Enactments, Miscellaneous

    4. Interpretation of statutes

    Rules of Interpretation of statutes, Aids to interpretation, Rules of Interpretation/construction of Deeds and Documents

    Paper 3 - Cost and Management Accounting (100 marks)

    Objectives -

    (a) To develop an understanding of the basic concepts and applications to establish the cost

    associated with the production of products and provision of services and apply the same

    to determine prices.

    (b) To develop an understanding of cost accounting statements.

    (c) To acquire the ability to apply information for cost ascertainment, planning, control and

    decision making.

    1. Overview of Cost and Management Accounting

    (i) Introduction to Cost and Management Accounting-

    a) Objectives and Scope of Cost and Management Accounting,

    b) The users of Cost and Management accounting information, Functions of

    management accounting

    c) Role of cost accounting department in an organisation and its relation with

    other departments

    d) Installation of Costing System

    e) Relationship of Cost Accounting, Financial Accounting, Management

    Accounting and Financial Management.

    f) Cost terms and Concepts

    g) Cost Reduction and Cost Control

    h) Elements of Costs

    i) Cost behavior pattern, Separating the components of fixed, variable, semivariable and step costs.

    j) Methods of Costing, Techniques of Costing.

    k) Cost Accounting with use of Information Technology

    (ii) Elements of Cost and preparation of Cost Sheets

    a) Functional classification and ascertainment of cost

    b) Preparation of Cost Sheets for Manufacturing sector and for the Service sector

    2. Ascertainment of Cost and Cost Accounting System

    (i) Material Cost

    a) Procurement procedures- Store procedures and documentation in respect of

    receipts and issue of stock, Stock verification,

    b) Valuation of material receipts,

    c) Inventory control- Techniques of fixing level of stocks

    - minimum, maximum, re-order point, safety stock, determination of optimum stock level,

    - Determination of Optimum Order quantity- Economic Order Quantity (EOQ),

    - Techniques of Inventory control- ABC Analysis, Fast, Slow moving and Non moving (FSN), High, Medium, Low (HML), Vital, Essential, Desirable

    (VED), Just-in-Time (JIT)

    - Stock taking and perpetual inventory system, use of control ratios,

    d) Inventory Accounting

    (ii) Employee Cost

    a) Attendance and Payroll procedures-

    - Elements of wages- Basic pay, Dearness Allowance, Overtime, Bonus,

    Holiday and leave wages, Allowances and perquisites.

    b) Employee Cost Control

    c) Employee Turnover- Methods of calculating employee turnover, causes of

    employee turnover, effects of employee turnover.

    d) Utilisation of Human Resource, Direct and indirect employee Cost, charging of

    employee cost, Identifying employee hours with work orders or batches or

    capital jobs.

    e) Remuneration systems and incentive schemes- Premium Bonus Method

    (Halsey Plan and Rowan Plan)

    (iii) Overheads

    a) Functional analysis- Factory, Administration, Selling, Distribution, Research

    and Development.

    b) Behavioral analysis- Fixed, Variable and Semi- Variable.

    c) Allocation and Apportionment of overheads using Absorption Costing Method.

    d) Factory Overheads- Primary and secondary distribution,

    e) Administration Overheads- Method of allocation to cost centres or products,

    f) Selling & Distribution Overheads- Analysis and absorption of the expenses in products/ customers, impact of marketing strategies, cost effectiveness of various methods of sales promotion.

    g) Treatment of Research and development cost in cost accounting.

    (iv) Concepts of Activity Based Costing (ABC)

    (v) Recording and Accounting of Costs

    a) Non-integrated Cost Accounting system- Ledger under non-integral system

    b) Integrated (Cost and Financial) Accounting system- Ledgers under integral system.

    c) Difference between the Non- integrated and Integrated Accounting system.

    d) Reconciliation of profit as per Cost and Financial Accounts (under NonIntegrated Accounting System).

    3. Methods of Costing

    (i) Single Output/ Unit Costing

    (ii) Job Costing: Job cost cards and databases, collecting direct costs of each job, attributing overheads to jobs, Application of job costing.

    (iii) Batch Costing: Determination of optimum batch quantity, Ascertainment of cost for

    a batch, Preparation of batch cost sheet, and Treatment of spoiled and defective work.

    (iv) Contract Costing

    a) Ascertainment of cost of a contract, Progress payment, Retention money,

    Escalation clause, Cost-plus contract, Value of work certified, Cost of Work not


    b) Determination Value of work certified, Cost of work not certified, Notional or

    Estimated profit from a contact.

    (v) Process/ Operation Costing

    a) Process cost recording, Process loss, Abnormal gains and losses, Equivalent

    units of production, Inter-process profit, Valuation of work in process.

    b) Joint Products- Apportionment of joint costs, Methods of apportioning joint cost

    over joint products,

    c) By-Products- Methods of apportioning joint costs over by-products, treatment

    of By-product cost.

    (vi) Costing of Service Sectors

    a) Determination of Costs and Prices of services

    4. Cost Control and Analysis

    (i) Standard Costing

    a) Setting up of Standards, Types of Standards, Standard Costing as method of performance measurement. b) Calculation and Reconciliation of Cost Variances- - Material Cost Variance, employee Cost Variance, Variable Overheads Variance and Fixed Overhead Variance.

    (ii) Marginal Costing

    a) Basic concepts of marginal costing, Contribution margin, Break-even analysis,

    Break-even and profit volume charts, Contribution to sales ratio, Margin of

    Safety, Angle of Incidence, Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis (CVP), Multi- product break- even analysis, Consideration of Limiting factor (key factor),

    b) Determination of Cost of a product/ service under marginal costing method,

    determination of cost of finished goods, work-in-progress,

    c) Comparison of Marginal costing with absorption costing method- Reconciliation

    of profit under the both methods,

    d) Short term decision making using the above concepts (basic / fundamental


    (iii) Budget and Budgetary Control

    a) Meaning of Budget, Essentials of Budget, Budget Manual, Budget setting

    process, Preparation of Budget and monitoring procedures.

    b) The use of budget in planning and control

    c) Flexible budget, Preparation of Functional budget for operating and nonoperating functions, Cash budget, Master budget,

    d) Introduction to Principal/ Key budget factor, Zero Based Budgeting (ZBB),

    Performance budget, Control ratios and Budget variances.

    Paper 4 - Taxation (100 marks)


    Objective: To develop an understanding of the provisions of income-tax law and goods and services tax law and to acquire the ability to apply such knowledge to make computations and address application-oriented issues.

    1. Basic Concepts

    (i) Income-tax law: An introduction

    (ii) Important definitions in the Income-tax Act, 1961

    (iii) Concept of the previous year and assessment year

    (iv) Basis of Charge and Rates of Tax

    2. Residential status and scope of total income

    (i) Residential status

    (ii) Scope of total income

    3. Incomes which do not form part of total income (other than charitable trusts and

    institutions, political parties and electoral trusts)

    (i) Incomes not included in total income

    (ii) Tax holiday for newly established units in Special Economic Zones

    4. Heads of income and the provisions governing computation of income under

    different heads

    (i) Salaries

    (ii) Income from house property

    (iii) Profits and gains of business or profession

    (iv) Capital gains

    (v) Income from other sources

    5. Income of other persons included in assessee's total income

    (i) Clubbing of income: An introduction

    (ii) Transfer of income without transfer of assets

    (iii) Income arising from revocable transfer of assets

    (iv) Clubbing of income of income arising to spouse, minor child and son’s wife in

    certain cases

    (v) Conversion of self-acquired property into property of HUF

    6. Aggregation of income; Set-off, or carry forward and set-off of losses

    (i) Aggregation of income

    (ii) Concept of set-off and carry forward and set-off of losses

    (iii) Provisions governing set-off and carry forward and set-off of losses under different

    heads of income

    (iv) Order of set-off of losses

    7. Deductions from gross total income

    (i) General provisions

    (ii) Deductions in respect of certain payments

    (iii) Specific deductions in respect of certain income

    (iv) Deductions in respect of other income

    (v) Other deductions

    8. Computation of total income and tax liability of individuals

    (i) Income to be considered while computing total income of individuals

    (ii) Procedure for computation of total income and tax liability of individuals

    9. Advance tax, tax deduction at source and introduction to tax collection at source

    (i) Introduction

    (ii) Direct Payment

    (iii) Provisions concerning deduction of tax at source

    (iv) Advance payment of tax

    (v) Interest for defaults in payment of advance tax and deferment of advance tax

    (vi) Tax collection at source – Basic concept

    (vii) Tax deduction and collection account number

    10. Provisions for filing return of income and self-assessment

    (i) Return of Income

    (ii) Compulsory filing of return of income

    (iii) Fee and Interest for default in furnishing return of income

    (iv) Return of loss

    (v) Provisions relating to belated return, revised return etc.

    (vi) Permanent account number

    (vii) Persons authorized to verify return of income

    (viii) Self-assessment


    1. Concept of indirect taxes

    (i) Concept and features of indirect taxes

    (ii) Principal indirect taxes

    2. Goods and Services Tax (GST) Laws

    (i) GST Laws: An introduction including Constitutional aspects

    (ii) Levy and collection of CGST and IGST

    • a) Application of CGST/IGST law

    • b) Concept of supply including composite and mixed supplies

    • c) Charge of tax including reverse charge

    • d) Exemption from tax

    • e) Composition levy

    (iii) Basic concepts of time and value of supply

    (iv) Input tax credit

    (v) Computation of GST liability

    (vi) Registration

    (vii) Tax invoice; Credit and Debit Notes; Electronic way bill

    (viii) Returns

    (ix) Payment of tax

    Group II

    There are four paper in Group II also. Candidates have to qualify both groups to pass the CA Intermediate examination.

    Paper-5 Advanced Accounting (100 marks)


    1. To acquire the ability to apply specific Accounting Standards and legislations to different

    transactions and events and in preparation and presentation of financial statements of

    business entities;

    2. To understand and apply financial reporting and regulatory requirements of Banking

    Companies and NBFCs

    1. Application of Accounting Standards:

    AS 4 : Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance

    Sheet Date

    AS 5 : Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and

    Changes in Accounting Policies

    AS 7 : Construction Contracts

    AS 9 : Revenue Recognition

    AS 14 : Accounting for Amalgamations

    AS 17 : Segment Reporting

    AS 18 : Related Party Disclosures

    AS 19 : Leases

    AS 20 : Earnings Per Share

    AS 22: Accounting for Taxes on Income

    AS 24 : Discontinuing Operations

    AS 26 : Intangible Assets

    AS 29 : Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets.

    2. Special Aspects of Company Accounts

    (i) Accounting for employee stock option plan;

    (ii) Buy back of securities;

    (iii) Equity shares with differential rights

    3. Reorganization and liquidation of Companies

    (i) Accounting for amalgamation (excluding inter-company holding) and


    (ii) Accounting involved in liquidation of companies

    4. Banking Companies and Non-Banking Financial Companies and regulatory requirements thereof.

    5. Consolidated Financial Statements

    Concept of consolidation and simple problems on Consolidated Financial Statements with single subsidiary (excluding problems involving acquisition of Interest in Subsidiary at Different Dates; Different Reporting Dates of Holding and Subsidiary; Disposal of a Subsidiary and Foreign Subsidiaries)

    6. Dissolution of partnership firms including piecemeal distribution of assets;

    Amalgamation of partnership firms; Conversion of partnership firm into a

    company and Sale to a company; Issues related to accounting in Limited Liability


    Paper-6 Auditing and Assurance (100 marks)


    To develop an understanding of the concepts in auditing and of the generally accepted auditing procedures, techniques and skills and acquire the ability to apply the same in audit and attestation engagements.

    1. Nature, Objective and Scope ofAudit

    Auditing Concepts: Nature, objective and scope of Audit; Relationship of auditing with

    other disciplines;

    Standard Setting Process: Overview, Standard-setting process, Role of International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (IAASB) & Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (AASB); Standards on Auditing, Guidance Note(s) issued by the ICAI;

    Engagement Standards: Qualities of Auditor, Elements of System of Quality Control

    (SQC 1 Quality Control for Firms that Perform Audits and Reviews of Historical

    Financial Information, and Other Assurance and Related Services Engagements);

    Ethical requirements relating to an audit of financial statements; Inherent Limitations of

    an audit (SA 200 Overall Objectives of the Independent Auditor and the Conduct of an

    Audit in Accordance with Standards on Auditing); Preconditions for an audit; Audit

    Engagement; Agreement on Audit Engagement Terms; Terms of Engagement in

    Recurring Audits (SA 210 Agreeing the Terms of Audit Engagements); Leadership

    Responsibilities for Quality on Audits; Concept of Auditor’s Independence; Threats to Independence; Acceptance and Continuance of Client Relationships and Audit Engagements (SA 220 Quality Control for an Audit of Financial Statements)

    2. Audit Strategy, Audit Planning and Audit Programme:

    Audit Strategy; Audit planning (SA 300 Planning an Audit of Financial statements); Audit programme; Development of Audit Plan and Programme, Control of quality of audit work - Delegation and supervision of audit work; Materiality and Audit Plan; Revision of Materiality; Documenting the Materiality; Performance Materiality (SA 320 Materiality in Planning and Performing an Audit).

    3. Audit Documentation and Audit Evidence:

    Concept of Audit Documentation; Nature & Purpose of Audit Documentation; Form, Content & Extent of Audit Documentation; Completion Memorandum; Ownership and custody of Audit Documentation (SA 230 Audit Documentation); Audit procedures for obtaining audit evidence; Sources of evidence; Relevance and Reliability of audit evidence; Sufficient appropriate audit evidence, Evaluation of Audit Evidence (SA 500 Audit Evidence); Written Representations as Audit Evidence; Objective of Auditor regarding Written Representation; Management from whom Written Representations may be requested; Written Representations about Management’s Responsibilities (SA 580 Written Representations); Obtaining evidence of existence of inventory; Audit procedure to identify litigation & claims (SA 501 Audit Evidence - Specific Considerations for Selected Items); External confirmation procedures; Management’s refusal to allow the auditor to send a confirmation request; Negative Confirmations (SA 505 External Confirmations); Audit evidence about opening balances; Accounting policies relating to opening balances; Reporting with regard to opening balances (SA 510 Initial Audit Engagements-Opening Balances); Meaning of Related Party; Nature of Related Party Relationships & Transactions; Understanding the Entity’s Related Party Relationships & Transactions (SA 550 Related Parties); Meaning of Subsequent Events; Auditor’s obligations in different situations of subsequent events (SA 560 Subsequent Events); Responsibilities of the Auditor with regard to Going Concern Assumption; Objectives of the Auditor regarding Going Concern; Events or Conditions that may cast doubt about Going Concern Assumption; Audit Procedures when events or conditions are identified (SA 570 Going Concern).

    4. Risk Assessment and Internal Control

    Audit Risk, Identifying and Assessing the Risk of Material Misstatement, Risk Assessment procedures; Understanding the entity and its environment; Internal control, Documenting the Risks; Evaluation of internal control system; Testing of Internal control; Internal Control and IT Environment (SA 315 Identifying and Assessing the Risks of Material Misstatement Through Understanding the Entity and Its Environment); Materiality and audit risk (SA 320 Materiality in Planning and Performing an Audit); Internal audit, Basics of Standards on Internal Audit (SIAs) issued by the ICAI; Basics of Internal Financial Control and reporting requirements; Distinction between Internal Financial Control and Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

    5. Fraud and Responsibilities of the Auditor in this Regard

    Responsibility for the Prevention and Detection of Fraud; Fraud Risk Factors; Risks of Material Misstatement Due to Fraud; Communication of Fraud (SA 240 The Auditor’s Responsibilities Relating to Fraud in an Audit of Financial Statements); Provisions of the Companies Act 2013 relating to fraud and rules thereunder including reporting requirements under CARO

    6. Audit in an Automated Environment

    Key features, Impact of IT related Risks, Impact on Controls, Internal Financial Controls as per Regulatory requirements, Types of Controls, Audit approach, Understanding and documenting Automated environment, Testing methods, data analytics for audit, assessing and reporting audit findings

    7. Audit Sampling

    Meaning of Audit Sampling; Designing an audit sample; Types of sampling; Sample Size and selection of items for testing; Sample selection method (SA 530 Audit Sampling)

    8. Analytical Procedures

    Meaning, nature, purpose and timing of analytical procedures; Substantive analytical procedures, Designing and performing analytical procedures prior to Audit; investigating the results of analytical procedures (SA 520 Analytical Procedures)

    9. Audit of Items of Financial Statements

    • Audit of sale of Products and Services; Audit of Interest Income, Rental Income, Dividend Income, Net gain/loss on sale of Investments etc.

    • Audit of Purchases, Employee benefits expenses, Depreciation, Interest expense, Expenditure on Power & Fuel, Rent, Repair to building, Repair to Machinery, Insurance, Taxes, Travelling Expenses, Miscellaneous Expenses etc.

    • Audit of Share Capital, Reserve & Surplus, Long Term Borrowings, Trade Payables, Provisions, Short Term Borrowings & Other Current Liabilities. Audit of Land, Buildings, Plant & Equipment, Furniture & Fixtures, Vehicles, Office Equipments, Goodwill, Brand/Trademarks, Computer Software etc. Audit of Loan & Advances, Trade Receivable, Inventories, Cash & Cash Equivalent, Other Current Assets. Audit of Contingent Liabilities.

    10. The Company Audit

    Eligibility, Qualifications and Disqualifications of Auditors; Appointment of auditors; Removal of auditors; Remuneration of Auditors; Powers and duties of auditors; Branch audit; Joint audit; Reporting requirements under the Companies Act, 2013 including CARO; Other Important Provisions under the Companies Act, 2013 relating to Audit and Auditors and Rules made thereunder

    11. Audit Report

    Forming an opinion on the Financial Statements; Auditor’s Report- basic elements (SA 700 Forming an Opinion and Reporting on Financial Statements); Types of

    Modified Opinion; Circumstances When a Modification to the Auditor’s Opinion is

    Required, Qualified, Adverse, Disclaimer of Opinion (SA 705 Modification to the Opinion in the Independent Auditor’s Report); Qualification, Disclaimer, Adverse opinion, SA 706 Emphasis of Matter Paragraphs and Other Matter Paragraphs in the Independent Auditor’s Report; Nature of Comparative Information; Corresponding Figure; Comparative Financial Statements (SA 710 Comparative Information- Corresponding Figures and Comparative Financial Statements)

    12. Audit of Banks

    Understanding of accounting system in Banks, Audit Approach, Audit of Revenue items, Special Consideration in Bank Audit with emphasis on Advances and NPAs.

    13. Audit of Different Types of Entities

    Appointment of Auditor, Audit Procedure and Audit Report in respect of different Category of Entities: Government; Local bodies and Not-for-profit organizations; Partnership Firms, Audit of different type of undertakings, i.e., Educational institutions, Hotels, Clubs, Hospitals Basics of Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) audit and Co-operative Societies Audit

    Paper-7 Enterprise Information Systems & Strategic Management (100 marks)


    Objective: To develop an understanding of technology enabled Information Systems and their impact on enterprise-wide processes, risks and controls

    1. Automated Business Processes

    (i) Introduction to Enterprise Business Processes, Benefits, Risks and Controls;

    (ii) Diagrammatic representation of business processes using Flowcharts;

    (iii) Risks and controls for specific business processes: Procure to Pay (P2P), Order to

    cash, Inventory Cycle, Hire to Retire, Supply Chain Management, Fixed Assets etc.

    (iv) Applicable regulatory and compliance requirements including computer-related

    offences, privacy, cyber-crime, Sensitive Personal Data Information of Information

    Technology Act, 2000

    2. Financial and Accounting Systems

    (i) Integrated (ERP) and non-integrated systems with related risks and controls;

    (ii) Business process modules and their integration with Financial and Accounting


    (iii) Reporting Systems and MIS, Data Analytics and Business Intelligence

    (iv) Business Reporting and fundamentals of XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting


    (v) Applicable regulatory and compliance requirements

    3. Information Systems and Its Components

    (i) Components of Automated Information Systems: Application Systems, Database,

    Network and Operating System with related risks and controls.

    (ii) Mapping of Organization structure with segregation of duties in Information


    4. E-commerce, M-commerce and Emerging Technologies

    (i) Components and Architecture of E-Commerce and M-Commerce with related risks

    and controls

    (ii) Business process flow with its related risks and controls

    (iii) Applicable regulatory and compliance requirements

    (iv) Emerging technologies with its related risks and controls

    5. Core Banking Systems

    (i) Components and Architecture of CBS and related risks and controls

    (ii) Core modules of banking and Business process flow and its related risks and


    (iii) Reporting Systems and MIS, Data Analytics and Business Intelligence

    (iv) Applicable regulatory and compliance requirements


    Objectives To develop an understanding of strategic management concepts and techniques and acquire the ability to apply the same in business situations.

    1. Introduction to Strategic Management

    • Business Policy

    • Meaning and Nature of Strategic management

    • Business Strategy

    • Strategic Levels in Organizations

    • Strategic Management in Government and Not-for-profit organization

    2. Dynamics of Competitive Strategy

    • Competitive Landscape

    • Strategic Analysis

    • Industry and Competitive Analysis

    • Core Competence

    • Competitive Advantage

    • Internal and External Analysis

    • SWOT Analysis

    • Globalization

    3. Strategic Management Process

    • Strategic Planning

    • Strategic Intent - Vision, Mission and Objectives

    • Strategy Formulation

    4. Corporate Level Strategies

    • Concepts and Nature of Corporate Strategy

    • Strategic Alternatives at Corporate Level

    ➢ Stability

    ➢ Growth/Expansion

    ➢ Business Combinations- Merger and Acquisition

    ➢ Strategic Alliances

    ➢ Retrenchment/Turnaround

    ➢ Combination

    5. Business Level Strategies

    • Competitive Strategies at Business Level

    • Michael Porter’s Generic Strategies

    • Best-Cost Provider Strategy

    6. Functional Level Strategies

    • Marketing Strategy and Financial Strategy

    • Operations Strategy

    • Human Resource Strategy

    • Research and Development

    7. Organisation and Strategic Leadership

    • Organisation Structure

    • Strategic Business Unit

    • Strategic Leadership

    • Strategy Supportive Culture

    • Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship

    8. Strategy Implementation and Control

    • Strategy Implementation

    • Strategic Change

    • Strategic Control

    • Strategy Audit

    • Business Process Reengineering

    • Benchmarking

    Paper-8 Financial Management & Economics for Finance (100 marks)


    Objective: To develop an understanding of various aspects of Financial Management and acquire the ability to apply such knowledge in decision-making.

    1. Financial Management and Financial Analysis

    (i) Introduction to Financial Management Function

    • a) Objective and scope of financial management

    • b) Role and purpose

    • c) Financial management environment

    • d) Functions of finance executives in an organization

    • e) Financial distress and insolvency

    (ii) Financial Analysis through Ratios

    • a) Users of the financial analysis

    • b) Sources of financial data for analysis

    • c) Calculation and Interpretation of ratios:

      • - Analysing liquidity

      • - Analysing leverage

      • - Analysing solvency

      • - Analysing efficiency/ activity

      • - Analysing profitability

    • d) Limitations of ratio analysis

    2. Financing Decisions

    (i) Sources of Finance

    a) Different Sources of Finance, Characteristics of different types of long term

    debt and equity finance, Method of raising long term finance

    b) Different Sources of short term Finance

    c) Internal fund as a source of finance

    d) International sources of finance

    e) Other sources of finance- Lease Financing, Sale and lease back, Convertible

    debt, Venture capital, Grants etc.

    (ii) Cost of Capital

    a) Significance of cost of capital

    b) Factors of cost of capital

    c) Measurement of costs of individual components of capital

    d) Weighted average cost of capital (WACC)

    e) Marginal cost of capital

    f) Effective Interest rate

    (iii) Capital Structure Decisions

    a) Significance of capital structure

    b) Determinants of capital structure

    c) Capital structure planning and designing

    d) Designing of optimum capital structure

    e) Theories of Capital Structure and value of the firm- relevancy and Irrelevancy

    of capital structure.

    f) EBIT- EPS Analysis, Breakeven- EBIT Analysis.

    g) Under/ Over Capitalisation

    (iv) Leverages

    a) Types of Leverages- Operating, Financial and Combined

    b) Analysis of leverages

    3. Capital Investment and Dividend Decisions

    (i) Capital Investment Decisions

    a) Objective of capital investment decisions

    b) Methods of Investment appraisal:

    - Payback period, Discounted payback period

    - Accounting Rate of Return (ARR),

    - Net Present Value (NPV) - The meaning of NPV, Strengths and

    limitations of NPV method, The working capital adjustment in an NPV

    analysis, Capital rationing, Equivalent Annual Costs,

    - Internal Rate of return (IRR)- Limitations of the IRR method, Multiple


    - Modified internal Rate of Return (MIRR)- Definition and explanation of

    MIRR, The process for calculating MIRR, Strengths of the MIRR


    - Profitability Index

    (ii) Adjustment of Risk and Uncertainty in Capital Budgeting Decision

    a) Probability Analysis

    b) Certainty Equivalent Method

    c) Risk Adjusted Discount Rate

    d) Scenario Analysis

    e) Sensitivity Analysis

    (iii) Dividend Decisions

    a) Basics of Dividends

    b) Forms of dividend

    c) Determinants of dividend

    d) Relevancy and Irrelevancy of Dividend Policies- Traditional Approach, Walter’s

    model, Gordon’s model, Modigliani and Miller (MM) Hypothesis.

    4. Management of Working Capital

    (i) Management of Working Capital

    a) The management of working capital- Liquidity and Profitability

    b) The Working capital financing decisions- Primary and Secondary Sources of


    c) The working Capital Cycle (operating Cycle), Effectiveness of Working Capital

    based on its operating and cash conversion cycles

    d) Assessment of working capital requirement

    e) Management of Accounts Receivables (Debtors)

    f) Factoring and Forfaiting

    g) Management of Accounts Payables (Creditors)

    h) Management of Inventory

    i) Management of Cash, Treasury management

    j) Banking norms of working capital finance


    Objective: To develop an understanding of the concepts and theories of Economics in the context of Finance and acquire the ability to address application oriented issues.

    1. Determination of National Income

    (i) Macro Economic Aggregates and Measurement of National Income

    (ii) The Keynesian Theory of Determination of National Income

    2. The Money Market

    (i) The Concept of Money Demand: Important Theories of Demand for Money

    (ii) The Concept of Money Supply

    (iii) Monetary Policy

    3. Public Finance

    (i) Fiscal functions: An Overview.

    (ii) Market Failure

    (iii) Government Interventions to Correct Market Failure

    (iv) Fiscal Policy

    4. International Trade

    (i) Theories of International Trade

    (ii) Trade Policy – The Instruments of Trade Policy

    (iii) Trade Negotiations

    (iv) Exchange Rates and its economic effects

    (v) International Capital Movements: Foreign Direct Investment

    CA Intermediate Exam Pattern 2023

    Details like mode of exam, type of questions asked in each of the above-mentioned papers, time duration, marking scheme etc. are provided official under CA Intermediate exam pattern 2023. It is vital for candidates to have a better understanding of the paper pattern while commencing their preparations for the CA Intermediate exam 2023.

    Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

    1. How many papers are there in CA Intermediate 2023 exams?

    There are a total of 8 papers included in CA Intermediate exam. These papers are equally divided into two groups.

    2. What is the old syllabus of CA Intermediate 2023?

    Candidates can find complete information related to the topics and subtopics covered in the CA Intermediate exam.

    3. Is there any change in CA Intermediate syllabus for 2023 exams?

    Any changes in the CA Intermediate syllabus will be notified by ICAI in advance.

    4. Is CA New scheme applicable for November 2023 session?

    No, for November 2023 session, the existing scheme of education is applicable. 


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    Questions related to CA Intermediate Exam

    Have a question related to CA Intermediate Exam ?


    CMA or Cost and Management Accounting is a certificate course providing CMA designation to the qualifiers. CMA has both descriptive and objective questions. CMA foundation is a mixture of questions. It is a three hour long exam conducted by ICMAI and it is a paper based on mainly class 12th concepts.

    CMA examination has a mixture of objective and descriptive questions.

    I hope this helps,

    All the best

    Hello Aspirant,

    Hope you are doing great.  A common course that covers accounting, taxation, financial analysis, and financial economics is called chartered accountancy, or CA. The three-level CA course offered in India is in high demand both domestically and internationally. Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, and Ahmedabad are a few of the most well-known Indian cities for studying accounting. Students frequently see each other studying B.Com and CA at the same time. Students from Nepal are also seen travelling to India to enroll in a CA programme in addition to students from India.

    In India, CA programmes are typically offered by private and semi-government institutions. The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) considers the students certified and qualified Chartered Accountants after they complete this course (CAs).

    Top CA Colleges in India:

    • Vista Academy, Dehradun
    • ETEN CA, Guwahati
    • PIRON Scholl of Business and Finance, Mumbai
    • Siddhartha Academy, Thane
    • Navkar Institute, Ahmedabad
    • The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), Noida
    • Indian Institute of Finance and Accounts, Pune
    • Pearn Accountants, International Accountants and Business Consultants, Kochi
    • Zell Education Mumbai
    • CMS For CA, Hyderabad
    • PIRON School of Business and Finance, Bangalore
    • International School of Financial Studies, Secunderabad



    Following students can register for the CA Intermediate exam-

    Candidates who have passed the CA Foundation exam can register for any of the CA Intermediate exam group(s).

    Any candidate who has passed erstwhile the Foundation exam or Professional education (examination-I) or Common Proficiency Test (CPT) is also eligible to enrol for the CA Intermediate exam.

    Candidates who are graduates/ postgraduates in commerce and have minimum of 55% marks in aggregate are also eligible to apply for the CA Intermediate course.

    Candidates who are graduates/ postgraduates in any other stream (except commerce) and have minimum of 60% marks in aggregate are also eligible to register.

    Candidates who are in their final year of graduation course are also eligible to register for the CA Intermediate course on provisional basis. Such candidates have to submit the proof of passing within six months from the date of appearance in final year exams.

    Hope it helps.

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    The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

    Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

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    Also Read: Career as Nurse

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    Resource Links for Online MBA 

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    A Quality Systems Manager is a professional responsible for developing strategies, processes, policies, standards and systems concerning the company as well as operations of its supply chain. It includes auditing to ensure compliance. It could also be carried out by a third party. 

    2 Jobs Available

    A career as a merchandiser requires one to promote specific products and services of one or different brands, to increase the in-house sales of the store. Merchandising job focuses on enticing the customers to enter the store and hence increasing their chances of buying a product. Although the buyer is the one who selects the lines, it all depends on the merchandiser on how much money a buyer will spend, how many lines will be purchased, and what will be the quantity of those lines. In a career as merchandiser, one is required to closely work with the display staff in order to decide in what way a product would be displayed so that sales can be maximised. In small brands or local retail stores, a merchandiser is responsible for both merchandising and buying. 

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    Procurement Manager

    The procurement Manager is also known as  Purchasing Manager. The role of the Procurement Manager is to source products and services for a company. A Procurement Manager is involved in developing a purchasing strategy, including the company's budget and the supplies as well as the vendors who can provide goods and services to the company. His or her ultimate goal is to bring the right products or services at the right time with cost-effectiveness. 

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    Production Planner

    Individuals who opt for a career as a production planner are professionals who are responsible for ensuring goods manufactured by the employing company are cost-effective and meets quality specifications including ensuring the availability of ready to distribute stock in a timely fashion manner. 

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    ITSM Manager

    ITSM Manager is a professional responsible for heading the ITSM (Information Technology Service Management) or (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) processes. He or she ensures that operation management provides appropriate resource levels for problem resolutions. The ITSM Manager oversees the level of prioritisation for the problems, critical incidents, planned as well as proactive tasks. 

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    Information Security Manager

    Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

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    Computer Programmer

    Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

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    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

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    IT Consultant

    An IT Consultant is a professional who is also known as a technology consultant. He or she is required to provide consultation to industrial and commercial clients to resolve business and IT problems and acquire optimum growth. An IT consultant can find work by signing up with an IT consultancy firm, or he or she can work on their own as independent contractors and select the projects he or she wants to work on.

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    Data Architect

    A Data Architect role involves formulating the organisational data strategy. It involves data quality, flow of data within the organisation and security of data. The vision of Data Architect provides support to convert business requirements into technical requirements. 

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    Security Engineer

    The Security Engineer is responsible for overseeing and controlling the various aspects of a company's computer security. Individuals in the security engineer jobs include developing and implementing policies and procedures to protect the data and information of the organisation. In this article, we will discuss the security engineer job description, security engineer skills, security engineer course, and security engineer career path.

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    UX Architect

    A UX Architect is someone who influences the design processes and its outcomes. He or she possesses a solid understanding of user research, information architecture, interaction design and content strategy. 


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